True Bypass Loopers, Switchers, Muters, and Volume Controls

I get a lot of questions via email about variations on looper pedals, switchers, A-B boxes and the like. Such projects are fun and easy because they are typically passive designs, easy to create with basic components, and don't require power or circuit boards. And there are lots of variations on what people are looking for.

So it makes sense to have one big article that covers as many variations as I can think of, all in one convenient place. Here we go...

The Mute/Kill/Stutter Switch

Let's start with the absolute simplest of switches: the Kill Switch. A kill switch simply kills the signal. Press the footswitch down and it mutes the signal. And its a good introduction to the basic parts and wiring of a lot of passive projects. Here are three variations using various switch types.

Mute Switch, SPST, Normally Open Wiring Diagram


Mute Switch, SPST, Normally Open, Toggle Wiring Diagram


Mute Switch, SPST, Normally Open with Attenuator Wiring Diagram


You can also see from this diagram the basic input and output jack arrangement. Ground is hard-wired between the two jacks, and the tip (signal) is intercepted by the switch.

A great source for the Momentary SPST NC switch is at Small Bear: Input/output jacks:

A Simple Volume Attenuator

Let's say you want a foot-switchable volume attenuator. For example, you want to drop your signal by a bit at the stomp of a switch. Like the kill switch, this is phenomenally easy: two jacks, a potentiometer, and a switch.

Switchable Volume Attenuator Wiring Diagram


Want to do the same thing in stereo? Simply add a few jacks, a second potentiometer, and a 4PDT switch.


True Bypass Loopers

This is a circuit that provides hardware true bypass capabilities to any pedal or outboard gear which lacks such bypass. For example, you have a Boss pedal that you love. But you don't love the buffer being in your signal chain all the time. So you want to add a true bypass switch around it. You could try to hack a big mechanical switch into your awesome Boss pedal, but that is rarely practical. So a true-bypass box would be ideal. Here's another place where a true bypass looper would be ideal: you have a rack-mount device and you want to incorporate it into your pedal board. a true-bypass looper makes this simple. To understand this circuit, check out the following diagram:

True Bypass Looper Explanation Diagram


There are two basic versions of this device: with an indicator LED and without. First up, the True Bypass Looper with no LED indicator. This version uses a simple DPDT switch and four 1/4 mono jacks.

True Bypass Looper Wiring Diagram, No LED, DPDT Switch


To add an LED indicator, you have to add a few parts. First, the DPDT switch is replaced with a 3PDT switch (the extra two lugs accommodate turning the LED on and off), and a power source. The power can either be a 9 volt battery or an AC adaptor. In the following diagram, we'll use a standard power jack so you don't have to worry about batteries.

True Bypass Looper Wiring Diagram, LED Indicator, 3PDT Switch


Let's throw in one more variation: we'll add a volume control that makes it easy to attenuate the level of the signal returned from the loop. This is accomplished by splicing a 100K log pot in the signal line, configured as a voltage divider. Like this:

True Bypass Looper - LED Indicator, 3PDT Switch, Return Volume Wiring Diagram


A/B Switch

The A/B switch is dirt simple: it switches a single input between two outputs. A great example of this is when you want a switch that routes your signal to one of two amps:

A B Switch Diagram Explanation


First up is an A/B switcher using a DPDT switch and no LED indicator.

A/B Switch Wiring Diagram, No LED, DPDT Switch


As with the true-bypass looper discussed above, adding an indicator involves just a few parts. For this one, we'll use two LEDs to show an indicator for A and an indicator for B.

A/B Switch Wiring Diagram, LED Indicator, 3PDT Switch


The Effect Order Switcher

Phaser before fuzz? Fuzz after delay? The order of effects can change the overall tone of your signal. So wouldn't it be nice to have a switcher that makes it easy to switch between pedal order? This circuit does just that.

Effect Order Switcher Wiring Diagram


Here's how it works:

  1. Plug your guitar into the input

  2. Plug your amp into the output

  3. Plug Send A into the input of the first pedal

  4. Plug Send B into the input of the second pedal

  5. Plug Return A into the output of the first pedal

  6. Plug Return B into the output of the second peal

Fire it all up: when you stomp on the switch, A will be in front of B in the signal chain. Stomp again and B will be in front of A. Great for A/B testing of pedal order.





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